Militia Enrollments

Photograph Of Unidentified Buffalo Soldier With Rifle And Knife

From: Photographs Of Afro-American Soldiers, Yale Collection Of Western Americana
Buffalo Soldiers originally were members of the U.S. 10th Cavalry Regiment of the United States Army, formed on September 21, 1866 at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, though African Americans have fought in various military conflicts since colonial days.
Sources disagree on how the nickname “Buffalo Soldiers” began. According to the Buffalo Soldiers National Museum, the name originated with the Cheyenne warriors in the winter of 1877, the actual Cheyenne translation being “Wild Buffalo.” However, writer Walter Hill documented the account of Colonel Benjamin Grierson, who founded the 10th Cavalry regiment, recalling an 1871 campaign against Comanches. Hill attributed the origin of the name to the Comanche due to Grierson’s assertions. The Apache used the same term (“We called them ‘buffalo soldiers,’ because they had curly, kinky hair…like bisons”) a claim supported by other sources. Some sources assert that the nickname was given out of respect for the fierce fighting ability of the 10th Cavalry. Still other sources point to a combination of both legends. The term Buffalo Soldiers became a generic term for all African-American soldiers. It is now used for U.S. Army units that trace their direct lineage back to the 9th and 10th Cavalry units whose service earned them an honored place in U.S. history.
Main article: 10th Cavalry Regiment (United States) § Buffalo Soldier name
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buffalo_Soldier

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BUFFALO SOLDIER A studio portrait of an unidentified African American soldier posing with buffalo hide. ca. 1860-1880. Yale Collection of Western Americana, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library. via Black History Album, The Way We Were

 

Militia Enrollments

By Maria Elana Mercado

Sources
There are many sources for my material. One of the best is the SC Dept. of Archives. I have used these documents mostly in the children of Hugh C4 and have noted where to find the item. There are many of the items with an online image, others you can order. If you go into this site, there are several items naming ‘Militia enrollments of men between the ages of 18 and 30 (and between 30 and 45) for Abbeville County’. These lists show either ‘white’ or ‘colored’ and give the occupation of that person. There are lots of ‘colored’ Wardlaws, so this could be good place to try to find those links. Starting at ‘Series: S192021 Volume: 0001’. Here’s how to find this source:

“South Carolina Department of Archives and History.” From their website: www.SCDAH.sc.gov - click on ‘Research & Genealogy’, then click on ‘Online Indexes’, then you can search for this item.
Here is the first entry that I copied (see actual document next page), they are all alike, others I’ll just
put the info:

Series: S192021
Volume: 0001
Page: 00039
ignore: 000
Date: 1869
Wardlaw, Henry - Age 22 - Farmer - Cokesbury - ‘colored’

Series: S192021
Volume: 0001
Page: 00040
ignore: 000
Date: 1869
George Wardlaw - Age 21 - Farmer - Abbeville - colored

Series: S192021
Volume: 0001
Page: 00053
ignore: 000
Date: 1869
Frank Wardlaw, Farmer - Abbeville - colored - age 35
Isaac Wardlaw, Farmer - Abbeville - colored - age 41
George Wardlaw, Farmer - Abbeville, - colored age 30

Series: S192021
Volume: 0001
Page: 00067
ignore: 000
Date: 1869
3rd Battalion
Daniel Wardlaw, Farmer, Abbeville Twp, colored - age 19
C.C. Wardlaw, Farmer, Abbeville Twp, white - age 20

Series: S192021
Volume: 0001
Page: 00098
ignore: 000
Date: 1869
4th Battlion
W. Wardlaw - Farmer, Little Mountain - ‘colored - age 32

Series: S192021
Volume: 0002
Page: 00023
ignore: 000
Date: 1869
Adam Wardlaw - Farmer - Broadway - colored age 35

Series: S192021
Volume: 0002
Page: 00032
ignore: 000
Date: 1869
Hiram Wardlaw - Laborer, S.M. Crayton’s - colored age 23

Series: S192021
Volume: 0002
Page: 00043
ignore: 000
Date: 1869
Brazwell Wardlaw - Farmer - Berry Hix - Anderson Cty, Fork Twp. - ‘colored’ - age 36

Series: S192021
Volume: 0002
Page: 00067
ignore: 000
Date: 1869
Geo. W. Wardlaw - Farmer - Hopewell - colored - age 39

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'Wardlaw ivermair!'